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How Is Solar Power Generated?

By February 16, 2018 5 Comments
how is solar power generated

Solar power is created whenever direct sunlight hits solar panels, which then transforms solar energy into usable electricity. In short – solar panels turns sunlight into energy.

The first step in creating electricity from sunlight is to install solar panels. Solar panels are made from polycrystalline or monocrystalline silicon, shielded in a metal frame, covered in glass. Whenever the sun hits the thin layer of silicon on the solar panel, it knocks electrons off the atoms. Since electrons are negatively charged, this process creates an electric current that’s captured by the wires in the solar panel. These flowing electrons are then the basis of the electricity that’s generated from the panels.

The more direct sunlight, the more electrons will be knocked off the atoms the more electricity will be produced. This is why it’s important to consider elements like cloud coverage and shade before installing your solar panel system.

High-quality solar panels will produce higher rates of electricity even though they might cost a little more up front. In the long run, however, you’ll save more money since they will work more efficiently.

What are inverters?

To turn energy from your solar panels into usable electricity, you need the help of inverters. The electricity created by loose silicon electrons is DC (direct current) and requires conversion to AC (alternating current) before it can be used. This conversion is handled by inverters which can be set up as power optimizers, string inverters and microinverters. Every one of these configurations performs the same task – converting DC into AC electricity. Once the conversion takes place, it can run through your electric panel and be distributed throughout your home.

For individuals considering the benefits of using solar energy instead of fossil fuels, it’s important to examine all your options before committing to a solar power provider. Speak to the experts at Nupower today for an obligation free quote.

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